Time to read: 8 minutes
Date: January 14, 2023
What is the difference between an App and a DApp? While we’ve explored DApp’s in a previous article, it’s useful to know the difference between these applications and their more traditional counterpart, the App. This article explores both types of programs and goes over the differences between them.
What is an App?
An app is a program that runs on a device like your phone or computer. It can be downloaded from the app store and run on your device. It does one thing, whether it’s for entertainment, shopping, banking, or anything else.
An app is usually created by a company that wants to provide a service to the consumer. The company will create an app for their product and market it through the app store where anyone can download it onto their device.
What is a DApp?
A DApp is a program that runs on a decentralized network like the Ethereum blockchain. It uses smart contracts to run its code instead of relying on a centralized server like most apps do.
As a result, DApps are more secure and transparent than traditional apps. They are also able to operate without any restrictions from their host network. This means that DApps can be used by anyone in the world with an internet connection.
Why Use a DApp?
There are many reasons why someone would choose to use a DApp over an app. Some of the main reasons include:
- As a DApp, the data is stored on a decentralized network and cannot be controlled by any single entity. This means that no one person can access your information or alter it without your permission.
- The fact that there is no central server makes DApps extremely difficult to shut down. Even if the developers stop supporting them, they will continue to function as long as there are people using them.
- Since DApps are open-source, anyone can view their code and see exactly how they work. This transparency ensures that you know exactly what you’re getting into before you use them.
Is There Anything Else I Should Know a About DApps?
If you are thinking about using a DApp, there are some things you should know before jumping in head first.
As we have already discussed, DApps are decentralized applications that run on a blockchain. They are not controlled by any one entity and their data is open to the public. This means that anyone can access or use the DApp without needing permission from anyone else.
While there are many benefits to using a DApp over an app, it does come with some downsides as well. For example, since DApps don’t have centralized servers, they rely heavily on peer-to-peer networks which makes them slower than traditional apps.
Additionally, while most people think of blockchain technology as being impenetrable and unhackable, this isn’t exactly true. While it is very difficult for hackers to break into a blockchain and steal information or money stored there (or otherwise alter the data), it has happened before and could happen again in the future. Therefore, you should always take precautions when using any kind of cryptocurrency application.
How do DApps work?
A DApp is a decentralized application. These applications run on a blockchain and are open-source. The biggest difference between DApps and apps is that DApps do not rely on a central server to operate.
With an app, you download the software from an app store onto your smartphone or computer. The app then sends information back to the developer’s server, which keeps track of everything that happens in the app. This makes it easy for developers to update their apps and distribute them, but it also gives them control over what happens within their apps.
A DApp operates differently because it does not have a central server or point of failure like an app does. Instead, every person who downloads the DApp gets access to all of its code at once and can contribute updates whenever they want without having to go through a centralized authority first (like Apple or Google).
What are Some of the Challenges Associated with Using a DApp?
There are some challenges that come with using a DApp. Some of these include:
- The fact that most DApps use smart contracts, which can be challenging to understand for the average user.
- There is often little to no customer support available for DApps, making it hard for new users to find help if they have questions or issues while using the app.
- Many DApps require cryptocurrency as payment, and this may make it difficult for those who do not already own cryptocurrency to use the app.
- Most DApps are still in their early stages of development and may contain bugs or other technical issues that could cause problems when using the app on your device.
- Since most DApps operate independently from central servers, there is often limited access if you lose your phone or tablet that you downloaded the DApp onto.
How can Developers Create Successful DApps?
Developers can create successful DApps by following a few simple steps.
- Make sure that the blockchain your DApp is on is decentralized and open-source. The more decentralized it is, the better for you as a developer.
- Give users control over their data and privacy by not collecting any information from them unless they choose to give it to you voluntarily.
- Allow your users to access their wallet or profile without having to go through a centralized server or third party website like Google Play or Apple’s App Store. These are heavily monitored and restricted platforms in terms of what developers can post there and how they can market themselves as well as their apps/DApps on those platforms respectively.
Avoid these platforms at all costs if you want your DApp to be successful since this will just restrict its reach even further than it already has been restricted with being placed on one of these heavily monitored centralized platforms where everything goes through an approval process before getting posted on said platform by either Google or Apple who have full control over what gets posted there and what doesn’t get posted there which makes things very difficult for developers trying to launch successful DApps.
- Provide transparency in the development process of your DApp so that investors know exactly where their money is going when they invest in your project and make sure that everyone involved knows exactly where the funds are going towards (developing, marketing, etc.).
What Factors Should be Considered When Choosing a Blockchain Platform for a DApp?
When choosing a blockchain platform for your DApp, there are several factors you should consider.
- The scalability of the blockchain platform. How many transactions per second (tps) can it handle?
- The level of decentralization offered by the blockchain platform. Is it highly decentralized or does it have some centralized elements?
- The ease of use and development tools provided by the blockchain platform. Are they easy to use and integrate into your DApp?
- The current status and future roadmap of the blockchain platform. What is being done to improve its usability and features?
How can Users Ensure That Their Data is Safe When Using a DApp?
As a decentralized application, the security of your data is guaranteed by the blockchain. With that said, there are some measures you can take to ensure your safety when using a dApp.
- Another important thing to look for is whether or not the DApp uses HTTPS encryption on their website and in their smart contracts. This ensures that any data sent between parties cannot be intercepted by third-party hackers.
- Finally, always make sure to read through reviews of the DApp before downloading it from an app store or signing up with them online. This way, you can avoid scams and malicious apps that could steal your identity or financial information.
How can Developers Monetize Their DApps?
Developers can monetize their DApps in a few different ways.
- They can offer the product for free and collect data from users to use for future development or research.
- Developers can charge a one-time fee to download the DApp onto your phone or computer, similar to an app store model.
- Developers can charge a recurring subscription fee, like you would with Netflix or Spotify, for access to the DApp’s content on an ongoing basis.
- Developers can charge small transaction fees when users exchange cryptocurrency within the DApp (i.e., buying virtual goods). This is similar to how online merchants currently pay credit card companies every time they process a credit card transaction online.
Is There Anything Else I Should Know about Developing and Deploying DApps?
First, the smart contracts that run on the blockchain must be open-source. This is so anyone can look at the code and make sure it’s safe to use.
Second, there are different kinds of decentralized applications. Some offer services like cloud storage or file sharing while others provide functions like currency exchanges or digital wallets. Still others provide data transmission or voting systems.
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