How to Improve Your Presentation and Public Speaking Skills

Time to read: 12 minutes

Date: October 3, 2023

It's normal. Your pulse races, your breath quickens, palms dampen, and the room spins a bit – you're about to make a speech or presentation. Yes, the infamous Public Speaking Beast. Most fear it, some truly dread it, and only a piddling few genuinely enjoy it. But what if we told you that speaking in front of others doesn't need to feel like walking the plank? 

In college, your audience may include attentive professors, curious peers, or slightly-bored-yet-hopeful job recruiters. In internships or jobs, it may be your associates, colleagues, or even your superiors. And here is a real shocker - most of them actually want you to succeed, to share ideas, and to inspire conversations. They're on your team.

Through this blog, we aim to become your sideline coach, shouting out the best plays to turn you from a timid talker into a confident communicator. So buckle up, throw out those risk-free, reading-off-the-ppt strategies, and get ready for a thrilling ride towards rocking presentations and speeches that leave a mark. 

The bottom line: getting a grip on your public speaking skills is pivotal during college and beyond. So let's take this leap together into mastering the language of presentation!

Understand Your Fear

Let's address the elephant in the room - Stage Fright. Yikes! Just hearing the words can get the old ticker thumping. The sweaty palms. The flushed cheeks. The strange ability to forget an entire speech you'd recalled perfectly just moments ago. Yep, stage fright is the notorious villain in the public speaking saga.

But why are we so terrified of speaking in front of others?

The answer largely lies within our wired survival instincts. Ever heard of the fight, flight, or freeze response? It's our body's automatic defense mechanism against threats—real (like a charging, angry bear) or perceived (like a sea of staring eyes braced for your speech). The rush of adrenaline, the increased heart rate, all prepping you to outrun that make-believe bear. But with no bear to flee from, you're left standing awkwardly, frozen in the spotlight, feeling oddly hunted.

But hey, stop the spiral. You're not heading into the gladiatorial ring. Understanding that this physical response is a quirky relic of our survival instincts can start a shift in mindset. It means the fear is normal, and not a sign of impending doom or hint that you are not cut out for this.

Is it stage fright?

Now that we've unraveled the 'why', it's time to dig deeper into the personal stumbling blocks of your stage fright. Self-reflection, while sometimes uncomfortable, is an integral part of conquering your fears.

Are you panicking about forgetting your speech? Fearful of stumbling over your words? Or maybe you dread the judgment of your audience? Identifying these personal ghouls can help you channel your focus towards overcoming them. Remember, conquering fear is all about understanding it.

So take some time, grab a notebook, and jot down what terrifies you about public speaking. Announcing your fear out loud is the first step towards banishing it into oblivion. In this battle against stage fright, you're the hero of your own story, and victory lies ahead on your journey.

Building Confidence And Self-Esteem

Pop quiz, no studying required - has there been a time when despite acing a test, nailing a project or receiving an accolade, you questioned if you truly deserved it? Or worse, lived in fear that any moment now, someone is going to expose you as a fraud? If you're nodding vigorously, welcome to the not-so-exclusive club of Imposter Syndrome.

Imposter syndrome is like a nasty voice in your head, convincing you that your achievements are purely due to luck, and not because of your skills or qualifications. Battling this mind goblin is a critical step towards building confidence and self-esteem.

So, how exactly can you arm yourself against Imposter Syndrome, and all the self-doubt that skulks in its shadow?

Nobody is perfect

Firstly, embrace the reality that nobody is perfect (despite what their Instagram might project). Everyone, from freshman Joe to that super confident senior, has experienced or will experience a moment of self-doubt. It's human and inevitable. Your professors were once beginners too, fumbling on their journey to expertise.

Work your confidence

Secondly, remember that confidence isn't a switch you flip on. It's built, brick by brick, experience by experience. Start small. Pitch ideas in smaller groups or practice your presentation with friends. Seek constructive criticism and don't shy from compliments - let them remind you of your talent and skill. Also, consider joining a public speaking club for consistent improvements and a supportive community. 

Celebrate your achievements

Finally, and maybe most importantly, celebrate your achievements. Scored a class participation point? Congrats! Survived a group presentation? Fantastic! Small victories are stepping stones to trust your abilities and silence the imposter within.

Body Language: Your Unspoken Vocabulary

Before you even utter a word, your body has already begun its monologue. Body language - the drama queen of our non-verbal cues, makes up a whopping 60-90% of our communication. So, while honing your speaking skills, don’t forget this silent, yet critical cast member.

Picture this – you’re up on stage, delivering facts and figures with spot-on enunciation. But your shoulders are hunched, you’re avoiding eye contact, and your feet seem to be performing a riveting rendition of Riverdance. Conflicting signals, right? Let's hack this performance, shall we?


Stand tall, shoulders back and relaxed. This body language will not only make you appear confident but, in an awesome fake-it-till-you-make-it way, actually boost your feelings of self-assuredness.


Transform your nervous energy into gestures that emphasize your rhetoric. Just be wary of the fine line between dynamic speaker and mime artist in training.

Eye contact

Eye contact helps you address each individual by moving your gaze around the room. It fosters a sense of connection and trust. But remember, we are aiming for inviting, not creepy.

Quick fixes

Practice power-posing in front of a mirror, check your posture intermittently during the day, or record your speech and then review it, paying extra attention to your non-verbal cues. 

Your goal is to align what you say with how you say it. Align your voice and your body, and you can have your audience hanging off every word and gesture. So flex those non-verbal muscles and let them contribute to your public speaking prowess!

Communication: Verbal Skills that Stand Out

Imagine this – you've got the stage, the spotlight, all eyes riveted on you. Your content - poppin'. Your slides - slicker than a greased whippet. But your speech? Well, it's challenging to decipher, too fast to follow, or just becomes an inaudible hum. Therein lies the bitter truth – it's not just about what you say, but how you say it. We're talking clarity, pace, and volume – the holy trinity of effective verbal communication.


Nothing muddles your message like mumbled or unclear speech. You could be sharing the meaning of life, but if folks can't make out the words, it's a lost cause. Enunciation is your savior here – learning how to crisply and clearly articulate words. Try tongue twisters to boost your enunciation skills - they're the verbal equivalent of agility drills for athletes.


Are you a motormouth or a slow poke? Mastering the art of pacing enhances comprehension and even adds to the interest of your speech. A slightly faster pace can inject energy and passion (think motivation), while a bit slower can underscore importance or invite thinking (cue dramatic realization scenes). Try recording yourself and using online tools to measure your speaking rate.


Stage whispering might work for drama, but for presentations - not so much. Adequate volume ensures that your message reaches everyone. Practice volumizing your voice by speaking from your diaphragm, and not just from your throat. 

Beyond mastering these basics, voice modulation - the ability to vary your pace, tone, volume and pitch is a game-changer. It's like being the DJ of your speech, knowing when to turn up the tempo, when to drop the volume for a 'lean-in' effect, or when to change the tone for added emphasis.

Gearing Up for a Great Presentation

Alright, you’ve managed to wrangle your nerves, calm that wild heart, and get your verbal skills on point. Now, let's dive into creating a presentation that’s as unforgettable as the last season cliffhanger of your favorite Netflix show!

Much like a hit series, you need to spark interest from the get-go, hold your viewer captive throughout, and round off with a memorable finale.

Starting strong

Here’s something fundamental - people's attention spans are shorter than the time it takes for their microwave popcorn to pop. You've got a precious few initial seconds to grab attention before their minds wander to what's for dinner. Hook them with a strong start. Tell a compelling story, drop a shocking fact, or ask a thought-provoking question. Think of it as your 'pilot' episode!

Keep it engaging 

Now, maintain that interest. Make your audience think, laugh, or share their input. Use simple language, ditch the jargon, and weave significance into your speech. If they don't see why it matters, odds are they won't care.

Platinum punchline

The final takeaway is your crowning glory, so end with a punch. Reinforce the keynote, inspire change, or round off your story. Leave them with something that echoes in their minds long after the applause dies down.

Moving to the visual aid arena, remember this: Slides are your backup singers, not the main event! So, steer clear of text-heavy slides. Make them visually appealing. Infuse them with meaningful images, charts, infographics, or short video clips that complement your spoken words.

Finally, brace yourself for the Q&A session. Embrace questions, they demonstrate interest. Don’t stress if you don’t know an answer – honesty garners more respect than bluffing. Practice anticipated questions, but also be prepared for curveballs.

Practical Preparation

We won't sugarcoat it; Rome was not built in a day, and neither is a solid presentation. It's a process, a labor of love and grit, topped with a dose of bravery. But fear not, because we're here to equip you with the best tools to win this battle: Practice, Feedback, and Thorough Understanding. It's the not-so-secret recipe for acing the presentation game.


Think of your presentation as a performance. Sounds scary? Don’t let it be. Like your favorite Broadway actor, your winning moment is built upon countless rehearsal hours away from the spotlight. Run through your presentation several times - yes, including the questions, the jokes, and the dramatic pause for effect. Use different environments for practice, your mirror, your packed dorm room, or maybe even an open field to get a feel for various audience sizes. 


Remember that practice isn't just about repetition. It's a chance to improve, and that's where feedback comes in. Rope in your friends, your siblings, your ever-opinionated grandma, or whoever's available to give your performance a genuine audience. Ask for their honest opinion and suggestions for improvement. Remember, feedback isn't personal; it's the fuel for your progress.

Know the content

Here's the biggest misconception: cramming in every possible fact equals a good presentation. Nah-uh. What genuinely matters is how well you understand your content. You want to be in tune with your material, completely aware of its rhythm and pace, not just clinging onto the script for dear life. Dive deep into the content, become familiar with it – it's the only way you can efficiently navigate through any unexpected turns during your presentation.

However, be wary of the omnipresent pitfall: over-preparation. Knowing your content doesn’t mean memorizing it word for word. The goal is to understand and convey, not regurgitate. It's the difference between a natural, engaging presentation and a monotone reading session.

Tips to Calm the Nerves Before & During the Presentation

Alright, the hour has come. You're backstage, pseudo-smiling at your buddies, but inside, you're entertaining a full-fledged Broadway rendition of panicked butterflies. Sounds familiar? Welcome to the pre-presentation jitters club! But hey, before you succumb to that third stress-donut, let's rustle up some strategies to tame those nerves.

Breathe, Believe, Begin

Simple, deep breathing exercises like this can be a literal lifesaver in those hyper-anxious moments. Why? Because deep, conscious breaths signal to your brain that "Hey, we've got things under control here. No bears, promise." This calms your body's oh-so-dramatic fight-flight-or-freeze response, making you feel more relaxed.

Get physical

Channel your inner *High School Musical* jock and get your body moving. Jogging in place, dancing to an upbeat tune, or simply stretching can help relieve tension and get those jitters out. So, yes, backroom-jigging is not only allowed, it's encouraged!

Mental rehearsals

Picture yourself delivering a standout presentation, from entering the room, connecting with your audience, to them applauding when you're done. Visualizing these positive outcomes helps create a mental map for success and increases self-confidence.

Power poses

Strike a pose – a power pose, that is! Think Wonder Woman: legs apart, hands on hips, chest out, chin up. Even Wonder Man or Super You! This pose boosts testosterone (the 'dominance' hormone) making you feel more confident, and lowers cortisol (the 'stress' hormone).

Mini-mindfulness moments

Get grounded in the present by tuning into your senses. What do you hear? What can you touch? This technique diverts your focus from the panic signals and creates a calming distraction.

The speech is not about you

You're the messenger, not the message. It's about delivering valuable or intriguing content to your audience. This perspective shift can alleviate the pressure to be 'perfect'.

Laugh it off

If you flub a few words or fumble your slides, make light of the situation with a joke or a smile. A forgiving, human touch often boosts your connection with the audience.


Here we are, at the end of this epic saga to tame the Public Speaking Beast. You've dived deep into your fears, powered through Imposter Syndrome, bossed up your body language, and fine-tuned your verbal skills. You've mastered the structure of an engaging presentation, learned to channel the power of visuals, and tackled the unpredictable Q&A sessions. And let’s not forget about the delicate balance of presentation prep and the nerves-soothing techniques. Phew! That's some journey, huh? 

But remember, it's just the beginning. Improving public speaking is a marathon, not a sprint. With every awkward pause, every fumbled sentence, every glorious applause, you grow. So take the leap, step on the stage, take the mic, and own it. Because the world needs to hear what you have to say.

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